These animals are found in shallow marine habitats down to a depth of about 5 metres on sandy and muddy seabeds. They can be frequently found in estuaries and can enter rivers. An individual having once been found 150 miles (240 km) inland in the Northern Territory of Australia
The Longcomb Sawfish is listed as Critically Endangered throughout its range by the IUCN Red List. Fishing is the primary threat to these animals. The large, toothed rostrum is easily entangled in fishing nets and other gear. In particular, inshore gillnet and trawl fisheries, which are common and intensive throughout much of the range of Green Sawfish.
This sawfish is listed on Appendix I of CITES, prohibiting trade of these animals worldwide. They are also protected fully by Australia, and educational efforts in areas within their range are proving effective in promoting conservation efforts of the species.
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